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Solar Typhoons is easy to say, but a more precise name to my hypothesis is:

High Energy Geomagnetic Disruption and Earth Core Induction Heating as a Triggering Factor in Massive Earth Crust Displacement

The first foundation of my hypothesis relies upon space weather, and is this:

There exists a larger and more forceful form of solar storm than we have ever witnessed in recorded history.   These events, for lack of a better term, I will call Solar Typhoons.  It is my belief, based upon historical evidence, myth, and my current research into Solar-Terrestrial interaction, that these occur on very long and regular cycles, perhaps in the thousands of years.

It is important to note, that Solar Typhoons will not in every case cause undue impact on the Earth.  If a coronal mass ejection rated at 10 billion tons, moving at 4.5 million miles per hour where to be emitted from the Sun, it wouldn’t mean that much if it happened on the side of the Sun facing away from us.  There has to be an alignment of the solar disturbance, and the Earth.  Additionally, the Earth will pass through most disturbances fairly quickly, as it orbits around the sun at approximately 66,000 miles per hour.  Even if the Earth passed through a mass one million miles wide, it would be behind the Earth in less than a day.

Geomagnetic Field/Core Interaction

The Earth's magnetic field is slowly changing and appears to have been changing throughout its existence. When the tectonic plates form along the oceanic ridges, the cooling rocks act as a kind of tape recorder leaving information about the strength and direction of past magnetic fields. By sampling these rocks and using radiometric dating techniques it has been possible to reconstruct the history of the Earth's magnetic field for the last 160 million years or so. Older "paleomagnetic" data exists but the picture is less continuous. An interlocking body of evidence, from many locations and times, give paleomagnetists confidence that these data are revealing a correct picture of the nature of the magnetic field and the Earth's plate motions.  The picture which emerges from the paleomagnetic record shows the Earth's magnetic field strengthening, weakening and often changing polarity (North and South magnetic poles reversing). During the past 100 million years, the reversal rates vary considerably. Recent rock records indicate reversals occurring on time scales of about 200,000 years.

The iron core generates the magnetic field by spinning through the solar wind, as well as through the proposed currents within the liquid outer core.  As the solar wind blows across the magnetosphere, it induces current.  Currents as high as a million amps, with total power exceeding 3 x 10 12 watts.  The magnetosphere keeps this away from the Earth, with charged particles creating the ionosphere.  Some of the energy continues though the atmosphere, traveling along magnetic lines, and reaches the Earth’s surface.  Much of the energy, however, doesn’t make it and is ends up as thermal energy, which heats the atmosphere.  The portion of the field that does reach the Earth’s surface, if sufficiently strong, can cause induced current within any metallic object.  This is why sever geomagnetic storms can damage power grids and sensitive electronic equipment.  Additionally, the Earth’s core is induced in proportion to the solar field strength.  This brings me to the second cornerstone of my hypothesis:

A solar typhoon , if prolonged, will collapse the Earth’s magnetosphere to much less than the six Earth diameters now recorded in the most sever solar storms.  This collapse of the magnetosphere will cause induced current on the Earth’s surface measured in the tens or hundreds of volts per linear mile of conductor.  This will transfer enormous amounts of heat into the Earth’s inner core, via magnetic induction.

magnetosphereregular.gif (6405 bytes)  The magnetosphere in a normal condition.

magnetospherestorm.gif (6098 bytes) The magnetosphere in a geomagnetic storm condition.

magnetospheretyphoon.gif (5914 bytes) The magnetosphere in a solar typhoon condition.

The most dangerous combination, by my hypothesis, will be when the Earth’s magnetic field is at it’s lowest, perhaps during a polar reversal, and the Solar Typhoon is at its maximum.  As stated in my initial email to Rand:

"In your book you mention a clue.  You say a Peruvian myth of the flood says it began when the sun looked as if it had two faces, or in my translation, cut in half.  Imagine a polarity reversal that was so strong it created a rift of magnetic field differential that stretched across the face of the Sun, full aligned with the Earth (a sun spot river that streamed across the Sun, if you'd like another metaphor)."

This is the worst case, the case where the Earth travels though a Solar Typhoon for days, or even weeks, and forms another corner of my hypothesis:

If the timing of the Earth pole reversal co-insides with a powerful Solar Typhoon, then the Earth’s core will heat enough to cause turbulence within the mantle, and eventually cause the entire Earth to expand by a measurable about, and this expansion will center around the magnetic poles as the highest amount of inducted heat will collect there. 

Mohorovicic Discontinuity and Geological Structure

The Earth is not a perfect sphere.  In fact, it is an flattened sphere with a bulging equator.  Charles Hapgood, in his book “Path of the Poles” demonstrates effectively how this bulging acts as a wedge to keep the crust from shifting due to processional wobble, mass imbalances, and so forth.

The Mohorovicic Discontinuity was discovered by the Yugoslav geophysicist Andrija Mohorovicic (1857–1936), who suspected its presence after analyzing seismic waves from the Kulpa Valley earthquake in 1909.  It is the boundary that separates the Earth's crust and mantle, marked by a rapid increase in the speed of earthquake waves. It follows the variations in the thickness of the crust and is found approximately 32-km/20 mi. below the continents and about 10-km/6 mi. below the oceans.  There are two main schools of thought when it comes to the Moho, the first says the Moho is caused by a chemical change, that the Moho marks the region where the physical composition of mantle changes into the crust.  The second school of thought says that the Moho is caused by a state change in the outer mantle material.  Just as diamonds are another state of carbon (as is graphite), the Moho could be another state of the same material as the mantle.  For my hypothesis, I follow the second school, the Moho is a change of state in the silicate mantle material.  Normally, the Moho transmits waves faster than the lower mantle or upper crust.  This would suggest a denser crystalline structure than the semi-liquid mantle or the permeable rock crust.  The structure of the Moho, in my opinion, is the result of the mantle easing into the steady-state convection of the Earth’s thermal radiation.  If this steady state is disrupted, then the state of the Moho will change.  This brings me to the final cornerstone of my hypothesis -->:

 Copyright © 2001 Jared Freedman